Atari 2600

Atari 2600

2nd Generation Competitors
Mattel Intellivision Vectrex
Region Release Date Discontinued Lifetime Sales
Japan Oct 1983 1992  30M (total)
North America 11th Sep 1977 1992
Europe 1978 1992

Whilst the Atari 2600 didn’t start the console industry (the Fairchild Channel F came out a year before) it certainly popularised the idea of a machine capable of playing different games with the use of a ROM cartridge.

Released in 1977 as the Atari VCS, it was later renamed to the 2600 mirroring it’s model number after it’s successor, the 5200, was released in 1982.  Sensible pricing and some strategic licensing saw the 2600 achieve huge success.

The Atari 2600 has been quoted as a reason for the games crash in the 80s due to Atari’s policy of allowing anyone to release games meaning that there were huge numbers of poor quality titles.

In reality, of course, the crash was caused by many factors, although Atari were certainly key.

There were several models of the 2600 released:

  • Heavy Sixer (original release)
  • Light Sixer
  • 4 Switch Black (Darth Vader)
  • 2600 Jr

The 2600 faced strong competition from several competitors, mainly the Mattel Intellivision

Specs

Processor MOS 6507 @ 1.19 Mhz
RAM 128 bytes
ROM
Custom Chips
Video 128 Colours (NTSC), 104 Colours (PAL), 8 Colours (SECAM)
Audio 2 × 1-bit mono channels
Removable storage None

SX-40 Joystick
Light Sixer
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